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A highly-valuable variety of chrysoberyl, alexandrite displays a color-change effect due to the presence of chromium atoms within its internal crystal structure. The two hues displayed by top-end alexandrites are pure green in daylight and pure red under artificial incandescent light sources, thus giving rise to the phrase “emerald by day, ruby by night”. However, the color-shift observed in most natural material tends to be somewhat less extreme (e.g. bluish-green to purplish-violet), and stones possessing the above-mentioned ideal hues should be suspected of being synthetic in origin or perhaps from a different gem species altogether (e.g. color-change garnet).

Alexandrite was first discovered in Russia’s Ural Mountains during the 1830s, and was named after the future Tsar Alexander II who was coming of age around that time. The gem has since been found in several other localities, with only Brazilian alexandrite of comparable quality to the now-depleted Russian material.

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